Sonitpur district is well known for its rich cultural identity. The entire district is a place of historical significance with a number of historical monuments scattered in every corner of the district. So Sonitpur is considered as the cultural capital of Assam and Assamese culture where stones tell stories while valleys sing song. The natural beauty of the district is unique. The district Sonitpur is an inhabitant of many people from different tribes, castes and religion. The migration of different ethnic groups into the district has created a unique panorama with the admixture of various culture and tradition among the different ethnic groups. The headquarters of the district, Tezpur is the birth place of a number well known personalities of different field such as Rupkonwar Jyotiprasad Agarwala, Kalaguru Bishnu Rabha and Nata Surya Phani Sarmah etc.
Sonitpur is recognized as one of the multilingual, multicultural and multiethnic district of Assam. The major ethnic groups living in this district are Bodo, Missing, Karbi, Deuri, Nepali, Tea Tribes and Rabha which have their unique socio-cultural characteristics with remarkable ethnicity. A considerable portion of the district’s total population is covered by Muslim Minority which are residing mainly in the Char area of the Brahmaputra river.
In respect of language though Assamese is the principal language in the district but in addition to this there are some other languages such as Bengali, Hindi, Bodo including some local dialects of certain communities used as a means of communication.
The economy of the district is predominantly agriculture based where approximately 80 90% population specially who are living in rural areas depends on agriculture and its allied services as their livelihood. Tough paddy is considered on the principal crop grown in the district, but in certain pockets, pulses, oilseeds, sugarcane, potato, vegetables, onion, garlic etc. are grown by people in a large scale. The most important economical feature of the district is dominated by the existence of Tea Garden which not only provides an ample employment opportunity of the locality. There are all total 95 nos. of small and big Tea Garden distributed in different corners of the entire district.
D.I.E.T., Sonitpur and its present status
The prime goal of National Policy on Education, 1986 is the universalization of Elementary Education and eradication of adult illiteracy. In order to fulfil the goal of National Policy on Education, 1986 and smooth implementation of its programme of action, the Govt. of India felt the need to establish some grass root level teacher education institute like DIET each district of all over the country. In this regard in 1989 a District Institute of Education and Training was established for Sonitpur district at a very historically important place of the district Biswanath Chariali. It is about 75 km far from the District headquarters Tezpur. Initially the DIET, Sonitpur was established at Chariali Basic Training Centre complex with approximately 44 Bighas of land area within the Biswanath Chariali Township. As a result of the abolition of BTC, the DIET occupied the entire institute of teacher education for the district with new infrastructural facilities. Now the DIET, Sonitpur has become a full fledged and one of the best DIETs of the State.